Britton Family

William Henry Britton

[Grandfather]

Willie

1908
William
was born on 24 June 1908, Township Hill*, Yackandandah, Victoria to Henry James (Jim) Britton & Jane Smith Edwards.

Henry James (Jim) was 30.  His occupation at the time was a Miner.  Jane was 17.  Henry & Jane had married 2 months prior to William’s birth on 11 April 1908 in Bendigo, Victoria.

*…Township Hill is the area just outside of the town on the Dederang Road. In general terms, it goes from the bridge over Yack Creek up past the turn-off to Kirbys Flat. There’s now a “Township Hill Motel” there.

1931
In 1931 William married Edna Climas.  They married on 24 July 1931, Back Creek, Yackandandah, Victoria.

William was a Bachelor, aged 23.  His occupation was a Grocer. William was born and residing in Yackandandah, Victoria.  His parents are named as Henry James Britton, a Labourer, and Jane Smith (as written on marriage certificate).  Edna was a Spinster, and aged 24.  Her occupation was Home Duties.  She was born in Yackandandah and residing in Back Creek, Yackandandah.  Her parents are named as James Henry Climas, a Farmer, and Agnes Waterson.

1985
He died on 17 March 1985, Deloraine?, Tasmania.

William died two days after the death of his mother, Jane Smith Britton (nee Edwards), who had died on 15 March 1985, Tasmania.

Henry James (Jim) Britton

[Great Grandfather]

Henry James Britton (jnr)

1878
Henry James (Jim)
was born on 20 April 1878, Albury Road, Yackandandah, Victoria to Henry James Britton & Sarah Hannah Bakes.

Henry (Harry) was 26.  His occupation was a Farmer.  Henry was born in Sydney, NSW.  Sarah was 21.  She was born in Richmond, Victoria.  They had married on 13 January 1873? (as written, but marriage certificate states 1874) in Yackandandah, Victoria.  Henry and Sarah had two children, Mary Jane (4) and Esther Elizabeth (2).

1903
The 1903 Australian Electoral Roll shows Henry James in Yackandandah, Victoria.  His occupation was a Miner.

1908
In 1908 Henry was a Miner in Guildford, Victoria.  He married Jane Smith Edwards on 11 April 1908, St Andrew’s Manse, Bendigo, Victoria.

Henry’s parents are named as Henry James Britton, a Miner, and Sarah Hannah Bakes.  Jane was 17. Her occupation was House Duties.  She was born and residing in Guildford, Victoria.  Jane’s parents are named as William Stafford Edwards, a Miner, and Margaret Stewart Fleming.  Witnesses were William Britton? (William Thomas Britton?) and William Stafford Edwards (Jane’s father).

1908
Birth of William Henry, 24 June 1908, Township Hill, Yackandandah, Victoria.  Married Edna Climas.

1910
Birth of Leslie James, 13 March 1910, Yackandandah, Victoria.  He died 24 April 1972, Reservoir, Victoria.  Married Ellen Cecilia Burridge, 27 March 1934, Victoria.  Ellen was born 1 July 1913, Mulwalwa, Victoria to George William Burridge & Ellen Grace Cunningham.  She died 4 April 1987, Reservoir, Victoria.

Les was a Police Constable.

1914
Birth of Iris Merle, 17 December 1914, Yackandandah, Victoria.  She died Victoria.  Married Robert Climas, 1935, Victoria.  Robert was born 19 March 1909, Yackandandah, Victoria to James Henry Climas & Agnes Waterson.  He died 1968, Mooroopna, Victoria.

Robert was the brother of Edna Climas, who married Merle’s brother, William Henry.

1937
In the 1937 Australian Electoral Roll, Henry James is a Labourer, of Yackandandah; Jane Smith Britton, is at Olympia, Yackandandah; William Henry Britton was a Grocer’s Assistant of Tawonga; and Edna May Britton, was in Yackandandah.

1957
Henry died on 6 December 1957, Tawonga Roadside, Tawonga, Victoria.  He was 79.

His occupation is named as a Gardener.  Henry’s parents are named as Harry (Henry) Britton, a Farmer, and Sarah Hannah Bakes.  Informant was William Henry Britton, Son, of Mt Beauty.  Henry was buried on 7 December 1957, Yackandandah Cemetery.  He was born in Yackandandah and had spent 79 years in Victoria.  Henry had married at the age of 28 (30?) years, to Jane Edwards, in Bendigo.  Children listed are: William Henry (49), Leslie James (47) and Iris Merle (42).

Henry (Harry) James Britton

[2nd Great Grandfather]

Henry James Britton (m. Sarah Hannah Bakes)

1852
Henry (Harry)
was born on 16 February 1852, Brickfield Hill, near Sydney, NSW to Thomas Britton & Jane Turner.

“…Brickfield Hill was a precinct in the vicinity of Surrey Hills where bricks were made for the rapidly expanding town in the earliest days of the Colony of New South Wales.”

1855
About 1855 Henry and his father, Thomas, walked from Sydney, NSW to Wodonga, Victoria – eventually settling in Yackandandah, Victoria.  Henry was about 3.

1874
Henry married Sarah Hannah Bakes on 13 January 1874, Trinity Church, Yackandandah, Victoria.

Henry was a Bachelor, aged 21.  His occupation was a Labourer.  He was born in Sydney, NSW and residing in Yackandandah, Victoria.  His parents are named as Thomas Britton, a Labourer, and Jane Turner.  Sarah was a Spinster, aged 17.  Her occupation was a Dressmaker.  She was born in Richmond, Victoria and residing in Yackandandah, Victoria.  Her parents are named as William Bakes, a Miner, and Mary Ann Watmore? (as written, Whatmough).  Witnesses were Joseph Bakes (brother of Sarah) and Henry Levett (husband of Sarah’s sister, Martha Bakes).

1874
Birth of Mary Jane, February 1874, Yackandandah, Victoria.  She died 5 September 1938, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria.  Married George Treston Barber, 1900, Victoria.  George was born 20 August 1873, Yackandandah, Victoria to William Henry Barber & Catherine McDonnell. He died 5 September 1938, Melbourne, Victoria.

Mary Jane Britton (b. 1874) Mary Jane

“The Argus”, Thursday 8 September 1938, pg10:
Obituary – The funerals of Mr George Treston Barber, aged 65 years, and his wife, Mrs Mary Jane Barber, aged 64 years, took place on Tuesday at the Yackandandah Cemetery.  Mr Barber, who was on his way to visit his wife who was ill in the Melbourne Hospital, fell when alighting from a moving tram and was killed.  Mrs Barber died shortly afterwards.

1876
Birth of Esther Elizabeth, 1876, Yackandandah, Victoria.  She died 25 November 1950, Yackandandah, Victoria.  Married James O’Loughlin, 1899, Victoria.  James was born 1862, Yackandandah, Victoria to Patrick O’Loughlin & Mary O’Loughlin. He died April 1940, Yackandandah, Victoria.

Esther Elizabeth Britton (b. 1876) Esther Elizabeth

1878
Birth of Henry James (Jim), 20 April 1878, Albury Road, Yackandandah, Victoria.  Married Jane Smith Edwards.

1881
Birth of William Thomas, 28 March 1881, Yackandandah, Victoria.  He died 28 June 1946, Albury, NSW. Married Elizabeth (Bessie) Adelaide Edwards, 23 June 1908, Guildford, Victoria. Elizabeth was born 8 April 1889, Flemington, Victoria to William Stafford Edwards & Margaret Stewart Fleming. She died 20 November 1982, Brighton, Victoria.

William married Elizabeth Adelaide Edwards, sister of Jane Smith Edwards, who married William’s brother, Henry James (Jim) Britton.

William Thomas Britton (b. 1881) William Thomas

Border Morning Mail, Saturday 29th June 1946:
Funeral Notice:
BRITTON: The funeral of the late William Thomas Britton of David Street, Albury are invited to attend his funeral. The cortege is appointed to move from St Matthews Church, Albury, at 2.00 this (Saturday) afternoon for interment in the new Church of England portion of the Albury Cemetery. Lester and Son.Mr William Thomas Britton, an old and highly respected resident of Albury, died in the Albury Hospital yesterday. He was born at Yackandandah and had been employed on the railways for the past 30 years. He leaves a widow and two daughters, Lillian (Mrs James Naughton, Woodend) and Eunice (Mrs R Mitchell, Melbourne); also fourbrothers and three sisters Esther (Yackandandah), James (Yackandandah), John (Albury), Gertrude (Yarrawonga), Ernest (Sydney), Darcy (Yackandandah) and Esma (Melbourne). A sister Mary and brothers Alfred and Frank are deceased. The funeral will leave St Matthews Church of England at 2 pm today for the Albury cemetery. Lester and Son are in charge of the funeral arrangements.

1883
Birth of Septimus John (Jack), 9 January 1883, Yackandandah, Victoria. He died 6 November 1950, Albury, NSW. Married Jane May Mildren, 11 January 1911, at the Mildren’s Residence, Staghorn Flat, Victoria. Jane was born 1889, Tallangatta, Victoria to Richard Henry Mildren & Sara Jane Wright. She died 13 December 1976, Albury, NSW.

Septimus John (Jack) Britton (b. 1883) Septimus John

Albury Banner and Wodonga Express, Fri 25 December 1914, pg30
Mr Septimus John Britton, of Townsend-Street, Albury, met with an accident on Saturday.  Britton was employed at the Tallangatta railway construction works, and was standing on a truck unloading a dray.  He pulled the door, and as it seemed to be jammed, he gave another jerk.  The door flew open, depriving him of his balance, and causing him to fall on to a sleeper.  The unfortunate man’s thigh was badly smashed, and his back was injured.  He was placed on the tender of an engine and brought to Albury on Saturday night, when he was admitted to the Albury Hospital, where he has since progressed favourably.

Albury Banner and Wodonga Express, Friday 7 September 1917, pg28
MUSTN’T CALL A MAN A “SCAB”

Septimus J Britton was charged at the Albury Police Court on Monday, before Mr J Ladlaw, P.M. and Mr M J D’Arcy, J.P., with using insulting words in the bar of the Railway Hotel on August 17 last.  Mr F W Tietyena? appeared for the defendant.  A railway employee named Whiting said that on the day mentioned he saw defendant and his brother in the bar, and defendant asked him if he were still at work.  Witness replied in the affirmative and that he was proud to be at work.  After a short interval defendant called him a “scab”, and repeated it with an oath.  Another man was also called a “scab” by defendant.  There was a general argument amongst those in the bar, and fight was talked of between the strikers and the employees present.  Defendant said that he felt no resentment against the men who remained on work.  He did not know quite what the word “scab” meant.  John Mitchell, till recently employed on the railway, corroborated the evidence of the defendant.  Mr Tietvena said that defendant expressed the deeepest regret for having uttered the words complained of.  The men who were out had been instructed by those controlling the present unfortunate strike not to use language of the kind.  Probably when the history of the strike comes to be written it would be found that they were not to interfere with a man who was following his occupation.  It was a very serious thing to interfere.  Defendant was fined 3 pounds, with 6 shillings? for costs, in default one month’s hard labour. Defendant would also be required to enter into recognissance of 10 pounds, and fined one surety for a like amount, to be of good behaviour for 12 months.

1885
Birth of Joseph Alfred, 1885, Yackandandah, Victoria. He died 14 January 1905, Yackandandah, Victoria.

“Yackandandah Times” Friday 20th January 1905:
A Gruesome Discovery – Sad Death of a Young Man – Found Dead In The Bush:

Quite a gloom was cast over the town on Monday afternoon, when the sad news became circulated that the body of Alfred Britton, 20 years of age, had been found in an advanced state of decomposition in the paddock of Mr Barber, some 400 yards or 300 yds from his house.  The discovery was made by Mr T Lynch, an uncle of the deceased and Mr W Hamilton, who were traversing the paddock on their way from cement hill (where Mr Lynch is working) in the direction of Rowdy Flat.  They were so horrified with the discovery, especially as the stench was very bad, that they did not examine the body, but hastened to the Police Station to acquaint Constable Vallance.  He was, however, away, but Constable Piddington of Dederang arrived a few minutes afterwards went to the locality.  Dr Johnson had also been advised in the matter.  The latter recognised the body as that of Alfred Britton, having attended to him the previous day for a bad foot.  Further details of the subsequent proceedings are given in our report of the magisterial inquiry.

The whereabouts of the unfortunate young man cannot be traced after the time he left home on Saturday.  It is probable that after dinner he went for a stroll and was seized with vomiting, for death must have occurred very soon after a hearty meal, and no one appears to have seen him during Saturday afternoon or evening.  The advanced stage of decomposition also seemed to imply that death occurred on Saturday.  His absence from home was not much noticed on Saturday night, as it was thought he might have visited one of his uncles or stayed in Yackandandah.  On Sunday evening as he did not turn up the brothers and Mr H Britton made enquiries about, but still did not apprehend any danger, thinking he was all right somewhere and concluded he must have gone to the Wodonga Freehold claim where he was employed.  Mr H Britton and another son left during the evening for Wodonga where they worked, and at dinner time on Monday Mrs Britton became uneasy and Johnny and Ernest were about to make a search when news of the discovery reached them.  After the inquiry held by Mr Rowan PM the funeral took place at the Yackandandah General Cemetery, the burial service being read by Rev HM Warry (Church of England).

 Albury Banner & Wodonga Express, Friday 20 January 1905, pg3
Yackandandah

Alfred Britton, a miner, twenty years of age, who had been missing since Saturday, was found dead in a paddock near his home.  The coroner returned a verdict in accordance with Dr Johnson’s evidence, that death resulted from asphyxia.

1887
Birth of Martha Violet Gertrude, 17 September 1887, Yackandandah, Victoria. She died 1954, Victoria. Married William Armstrong, 1904, Victoria. William was born 1883, Beechworth, Victoria to Walton Armstrong & Elizabeth Sandham. He died 1949, Beechworth, Victoria.

Martha Violet Gertrude Britton (b. 1887) Martha

1889
Birth of Ernest Robinhood, 8 September 1889, Yackandandah, Victoria. He died 1961, Nambucca Heads, NSW. Married Elizabeth Henrietta Nicholson, 24 April 1913, Beechworth, Victoria. Elizabeth was born 18 November 1882, Yackandandah, Victoria to Thomas Nicholson & Elizabeth Walsh. She died 14 May 1954, Hurtsville, NSW.

Ernest Robinhood Britton (b. 1889) Ernest

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848-1954), Monday 5 July 1954, page 11:
BRITTON, Elizabeth H – On May 14, at Hurtsville, NSW, wife of Ernest, eldest daughter of the late Thomas and Elizabeth Nicholson, of Yackandandah, loved sister of Alice, Thomas (deceased AIF 1914-18), Sarah (Mrs Creech, NSW) and Louis Nicholson (Murrumbeena, Vic).

1892
Birth of Charles Francis (Frank), 1892, Yackandandah, Victoria. He died 3 February 1919, Albury, NSW. Married Florence Smith, 1916, Victoria. Florence was born 18 October 1891, Dederang, Victoria to William John Smith & Elizabeth Ellen Martin. She died 1971, Albury, NSW.

Charles Francis Britton (b. 1892)
Charles Francis (Frank)

Albury Banner & Wodonga Express, Wednesday 5 January 1919, pg9
DEATH AT ALBURY – Meningitis Complications
…People are quite as anxious about meningitis as influenzia, as Francis Britton, married, aged 26, also died from meningitis yesterday, and another case is under treatment.

Yackandandah Times” Thursday 6th February 1919:
Obituary:  Death of Mr Frank Britton

The sad news of the death of a Yackandandah native, Frank Britton, which occurred in Albury Hospital on Monday morning, came as a shock to the townspeople and Yackandandah district residents.  The deceased was in good health until the week prior to his death, and had paid a weekend visit to this district on the previous Sunday.  He contracted influenza and subsequently became so bad that he was removed to the Albury Hospital.  The official cause of death is stated as meningitis and heart failure supervening on ordinary influenza.

Deceased was a son of Mr H Britton and was well known in Yackandandah, having been employed in the township during his youth.  He was married to Miss Florrie Smith, daughter of Mr W Smith, Glen Creek, and two children are remaining.  The funeral took place on Tuesday, the burial being at Yackandandah Cemetery.  The hearse went to the bridge over the Murray, and the Albury funeral ended there, the coffin being conveyed across the bridge by the police on guard.  Deceased was 26 years of age, and his early death is a matter of sincere regret by all Yackandandah people.

Albury Banner & Wodonga Express, Friday 7 February 1919, pg30
The death at the Albury Hospital on Monday of Mr Francis Britton, a married man, aged 26 years, with a wife and child, and a resident of Macauley Street, Albury, caused an inquiry into the quarantine regulations in view of the fact that the body was to be interred in Yackandandah Cemetery.  Arrangements had been made for a hearse on the Victorian side to be at the Union Bridge to receive the body, which was taken to the New South Wales side by Messrs Trappold and Lester, undertakers.  The police then transferred the body to the other side of the bridge, when it was taken by road to the place of interment.  Deceased died from meningitis and heart failure.  He was admitted on Friday evening.  Another case of meningitis is under treatment in the hospital and there were meningitis complications in the fatal case of influenza that occured this week.

(The influenza epidemic prevented the family going to the funeral as they were only allowed half way across the Murray Bridge and couldn’t go across the border into Victoria).

1896
Birth of Albert Darcy, 1 April 1896, Yackandandah, Victoria. He died 2 November 1958, Albury Base Hospital, Albury, NSW. Married Mary Bernadette Murphy, 1919, Victoria. Mary was born 1898, Allans Flat, Victoria to Patrick Albert Murphy & Amelia Anne Hunt. She died 14 December 1980, Yackandandah, Victoria.

Albert Darcy Britton (b. 1896) Albert

1899
Birth of Esme Myrtle (“Edna”), 31 July 1899, Yackandandah, Victoria. She died 19 December 1978, Glenroy, Victoria. Married (1) Percival Clarence King, 1920, Victoria. Percival was born 1892, Tumut, NSW to George Henry King & Emily Back. He died 10 August 1933, Wodonga, Victoria by drowning. She then married (2) George Henry Kemp, Aft. 1935.

Esmie Myrtle (Edna) Britton (b. 1899) Esme

Wodonga & Towong Sentinel, Friday 18 August 1933, pg2:
Inquest – Death of Percival King (snapshot of article)
Mr J Whan?, JP, deputy coroner conducted an inquest at Wodonga yesterday into the death of Percival King, which occurred at Wodonga on 10th inst.  Deceased came to this district in his early boyhood from Tumut and has resided here ever since.  He was a quiet agreeable man with numerous friends. His death is regretted by many people. The following evidence was adduced: Senior constable Nelenn?, who assisted outlined the facts of the occurrence. He added that Percival Clarence King was found drowned in a water hole near No. 3 bridge.

1900
In the 1909 Australian Electoral Roll, Henry is a Miner, residing in Olympia, Yackandandah, Victoria.

1914
In the 1914 Australian Electoral Roll, Henry was a Miner, residing Yackandandah, Victoria.

1930
Henry died on 15 August 1930, Olympia, Yackandandah, Victoria.  He died six days after the death of his wife Sarah, who died on 9 August 1930.

Henry was 78. His occupation was a Miner.  Henry’s parents are named as Thomas Britton, a Labourer, and Jane Turner.  He was born in Sydney, NSW and had spent 74 years in Victoria and 4 years in NSW.  Henry had married at the age of 22 years to Sarah Hannah Bakes in Yackandandah.  Children listed are: Mary Jane (56), Esther Elizabeth (54), Henry James (52), William Thomas (49), John Septimus (47), Joseph Alfred (dec), Martha Violet (42), Ernest Robinhood (40), Charles Francis (deceased), Albert Darcy (34) and Esme Myrtle (31).

“Yackandandah Times”, Friday 22nd August 1930:
Obituary: Mr Henry Britton

One of the oldest members of one of the pioneer families of the Yackandandah district in the person of Mr Henry Britton died at his residence, Olympia, on Saturday last after a very brief illness.  His wife predeceased him only last week.  The late Mr Britton who was 79 years old was born in England (NSW ?) and with his parents arrived in Australia in the early 50s, finally settling in Yackandandah.

In his younger days he gave pleasure to many as a corner comedian.  The Britton Bros were noted as corner men of a circle which was composed of young men of the district, and their services were always rendered for laudable purposes. Having followed the occupation of a Miner he was fairly successful.  He is survived by a family of five sons and four daughters.  His remains were interred in the Yackandandah Cemetery on Sunday in the presence of a large assemblage of friends.  Rev. Brown officiated at the grave.

“…The 1903 electoral roll shows that 39 people lived at Olympia, being maybe a ‘suburb’ of Yackandandah …  it was on the Yackandandah – Dederang Road.  There is a photo at the museum taken from Olympia Hill … Britton’s lived on the Dederang Road.”

Britton Clan

Britton Clan 2

Thomas Britton

[3rd Great Grandfather]

1826
Thomas was born in April 1826, Great Bardfield, Essex, England to James Britton & Sarah Rumsey.

1831
He was baptised on 17 July 1831, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.  [SEAX: Thomas, son of James & Sarah, Gt Bardfield, Labourer]

1850
On 28 October 1850 he married Jane Turner, Church of St John, Moulsham, Chelmsford, Essex, England.

1850
On 30 November 1850 Thomas and Jane departed Plymouth, England, on board the “Garland” and arrived in Sydney, 15 March 1851.  Thomas was aged 22.  He was born in Bartfield (as written), Essex and his occupation was a Laborer.  His parents are named as James & S Britton – Father in VD Land (Van Diemans Land), and Mother dead.  His religion was Church of England, and he could read.  Jane was aged 19.  She was born in Bartfield, Essex, and her parents are named as J & L Turner, living, in Essex.  Her religion was Church of England, and she could read.

Thomas and Jane Britton_Garland_1851_snapshot

There were 312 emigrants on the “Garland”, and on the second day of the voyage their first child, Elizabeth, died.  The voyage was an eventful one, lasting 15 weeks, there being 7 deaths and 6 births before Sydney was reached.

1850
Birth of Elizabeth, November 1850, on board the “Garland”. She died December 1850, on the second day of the voyage to Australia on board the “Garland”. Elizabeth was buried at sea.

1851
Arriving in Sydney, March 1851, Thomas and Jane took a position as a married couple, for the remuneration of 25 pounds per annum.  Three of their children were born in Sydney (Henry James, William Thomas, and Esther Selina).

1852
Birth of Henry (Harry) James, 16 February 1852, Brickfield Hill, near Sydney, NSW. Married Sarah Hannah Bakes.

1853
Birth of Esther Selina, 18 December 1853, Parramatta, NSW. She died 27 November 1855, Camperdown, NSW.

Burial date: 29 November 1855; Burial Place: Campas Downs (Camperdown?), NSW, Australia; Death date: 27 November 1855; Age: 2; Birth date: 1853: Occupation: Daughter of a Labourer.

1854
Abt. 1854, Thomas got gold fever and went to Creswick where he was at the time of the Ballarat riots.

1855 – 1857
In 1855 Thomas, along with Jane, revisited Sydney, but being dissatisfied with the then existing conditions in Sydney, Thomas went on to Wodonga, Victoria, walking all the way and carrying his eldest son, (Henry James, aged 3), on his back.

While Thomas and Henry James were walking to Wodonga, Jane voyaged around to Melbourne on board the “Boomerang”, departing Sydney 27 June 1857 and landing at Hobsons Bay, 30 June 1857.  She probably travelled by ship because she was pregnant with their son, Sydney, and thence she went to Yackandandah by conveyance.

Thomas and Jane met up in Yackandandah, Victoria, where they remained for the rest of their lives.  Their first child born in Yackandandah was Sydney in 1857.  They had 10 boys and 3 girls, with three dying before their parents.  Thomas lived to see 13 great grandchildren.  Thomas was a member of the local Forrester’s Lodge for an uninterrupted period of 43 years, being one of the first members initiated.

Life in Yackandandah in 1855

Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser, Saturday 13 January 1855, pg2 – Life in Yackandandah in 1855 {from a correspondent} 
I am now two months on these diggings; the first week I did nothing; on the second I bought a claim and went to work with six others.  We worked five weeks, averaging 7 pounds per week each. About three weeks ago I met a young man named Brown, who formerly worked for Mr Kingsell of Goulburn, and we concluded on starting a bakery.  So I sold my claim for 3 pounds, what it cost, and went to work (“like a b——– roan”, as they say here} and built an oven, and have commenced baking for the diggers. I am sure it will take well.  I am sorry to see flour the enormous price it is here, 9 pounds per bag, i.e. 90 pounds per ton.  I wish you would report the price of flour here in your next paper, in hopes that some of the speculators round Goulburn or Yass may be induced to send us some; in fact, unless there is a supply sent from somewhere soon, flour will be up to 12 pounds per bag before two months.  Carriage from Melbourne is now up to 35 pounds, and on account of the scarcity of feed, bullock teams can’t travel, and so carriage will become still higher.  When I came up here, carriage to Melbourne was 18 pounds.

The diggers in general are doing well here; the wages to hired men is 7 pounds per week, and boarding 2 pounds, but those who would take the trouble to cook for themselves, could live comfortable for 25 shillings per week.  There are no less than 400 hired men on the creek now, and had not the weather been so unusually dry as to stop several parties, there would have been three times that number.  Most of the claims are kept dry by pumps worked by water wheels, several of which are stopped on account of the great drought; but when there is plenty of water in the creek, they do their work well, and without intermission, day or night, Sunday or Monday, except when they take a “spree”.

Goods of every description are very dear, and a few of your Goulburn cheap stores could very readily turn themselves into treasure here.  Common grey calico, for instance, double width, 2 shillings and 9 pence per yard (I paid that for it yesterday); canvas, 1 shilling and 3 pence; twill shirt, 5 shillings; regattas, 5 shillings to 10 shillings; other clothing at same rate.  Provisions: flour, from 9 pounds to 10 pounds per bag; potatoes, 1 shilling and 6 pence per pound; apples and rice, the same; butter, 1 shilling and 6 pence per pound; picks and shovels, 15 shillings each; American axes, 21 shillings – there are none others used.  There are plenty of grog shops here; in fact every tent sells grog, every store, boarding house, bakery, restaurant, etc, and that at the moderate charge of 1 shilling and 6 pence per glass, and do it as openly as if it were a matter of course.  The Commissioner takes no notice of it, so long as there are no rows or none drunk.  The inspector of police told me the other evening, that he could point out twenty from where he stood; he said there was no use trying to stop them – they would sell it.

I have been somewhat surprised to see what a change has come over the diggers within the last two years.  I was then on Turon on boxing day, and it was “boxing day” and no mistake, for so many bunged eyes and bloody noses I never before saw.  Christmas day and boxing day passed over here pleasantly and jovially without making a single black eye, or showing any other signs of their presence than work being suspended, and a few persons being more hearty than usual.  It is surprising how sober men here are considering the number of grog-shops on the diggings.  The diggers here are the most industrious, persevering, social, sober, and intelligent body of men I have ever seen on any gold field.  These are not poor men’s diggings i.e. if they work themselves, for it often takes 400 pounds to 500 pounds to open a claim.

1855
Birth of Thomas John, 13 August 1855, Glebe, Sydney, NSW. He died 14 November 1945, Yackandandah, Victoria. Married Elizabeth Grealy, 1878, Albury, NSW. Elizabeth was born 1860, Osborne’s Flat, Victoria to Jeremiah Grealy & Mary Griffin. She died 5 December 1936, Yackandandah, Victoria.

Thomas was christened on 16 December 1855, St Lawrence’s, Sydney, NSW.

Wodonga & Towong Sentinel, Friday 23 October 1903, pg4
Mining Request – Thomas John Britton & Thomas Lynch
From Thos Lynch and T J Britton, asking permission to mine the Yackandandah Creek at the ford below the bridge crossing the creek from Wyndham street, subject to engineer’s approval – Referred to engineer for report.

‘Albury Banner and Wodonga Express’ 18th December 1936:
Yackandandah:  The death has occurred of an old and well known native of the district, Mrs Elizabeth Britton, wife of Mr Thomas J Britton. Mrs Britton was born at Osborne’s Flat 76 years ago, and had lived in the district all her life. She is survived by her husband, one son and four daughters – Elizabeth (Mrs Gordon), Annie (Mrs Ploughwright), Florence (Mrs Bradman), John and Christina (Mrs A Melbourne). Two sons and two daughters predeceased her. The funeral took place to the Yackandandah Cemetery, when Fr Ryan performed the last rites at the graveside.

1857
Birth of Sydney, 5 August 1857, Yackandandah, Victoria. He died 3 November 1947, Yackandandah, Victoria. Married Charlotte Melbourne, 1881, Yackandandah, Victoria. Charlotte was born July 1859, Yackandandah, Victoria to William Melbourne & Frances Marie Young. She died 25 June 1933, Yackandandah, Victoria.

Albury Banner and Wodonga Express, Friday 8 August 1919, pg7
Return from war
A large crowd assembled at the railway station to welcome home privates Sydney and George Britton, sons of Mr S Britton.

“Yackandandah Times” Friday 30th June 1933: 
Obituary – Mrs C Britton:
Another of Yackandandah’s old and respected pioneers has gone the way of all flesh, in the presence of Mrs C Britton, wife of Mr Sydney Britton of Kirby’s Flat.  The sad event occurred at the Yackandandah Bush Hospital on Sunday morning, after a short illness.

The late Mrs Britton, who was 73 years and 11 months old, had lived the whole of her life in the district, and her amiable and kindly disposition endeared her to all who had the privilege of making her acquaintance. She is survived by a husband and seven sons – George, Sydney, Robert, Harold, Frederick, Albert and William, all of Yackandandah, and five daughters – Mrs J Rossi (Sydney), Mrs JW Weldon (Bruarong), Mrs Palmer (Hume Weir), Mrs Todd (Yackandandah) and Fanny (Sydney).  Four brothers – Sydney, William, George and Frederick (Melbourne), and one sister Mrs J Payne (Huon) survive her.

The burial took place at the Yackandandah Cemetery on Tuesday afternoon in the presence of a large assemblage of friends and sympathisers.  The casket was borne to the grave by six of her sons.  The Rev RJ Brown, Church of England, officiated at the graveside, and the mortuary arrangements were conducted by Mr TV Hall.

1859
Birth of Charles Thomas, 26 September 1859, Yackandandah, Victoria. He died 28 March 1928, Prahran, Victoria. Married Louisa Gallear, 1880, Albury, NSW. Louisa was born 1 January 1865, Wodonga, Victoria to Richard Gallear & Mary Jane Rawle. She died 7 November 1956, Benalla, Victoria.

Charles Thomas Britton2 Charles

At the time of Charles’ birth, Thomas was 35, born Essex (England). Jane was 28, born Essex (England). Thomas and Jane were married February 1851? (28 November 1850?), Essex, England. Children listed are: Elizabeth (dec), Henry (8), Esther (dec), Thomas (4), Sidney (2). Informant: Jane (with her mark).  He died 28 March 1928, Prahran, Victoria.

“Benalla Ensign”, Thursday 15th November 1956:
Grand Old Lady Dies at 94:
The death occurred at Lemnos Convalescent Home on the 7th inst. of Mrs Louisa Britton at the great age of 94 years. She was the daughter of the late Mr and Mrs Robert Gallier, of Wodonga, where she was born. She was married at Wodonga 78 years ago to Mr Charles Thomas Britton, who predeceased her. For many years she resided with her daughter, Mrs M L Webber, her granddaughter, Mrs M P Campbell and grandchildren George and Shirley Campbell of Samaria. She enjoyed remarkably good health up to a few weeks ago, when she entered hospital. She reared a family of eleven children, viz: Mabel (Mrs M L Webber, Samaria), Charles Thomas (Seymour), Edgar Harold (Whitfield), Eric Turner (Wangaratta), and Flaby Pearl (Chestnut). Three sons (Charles, Alfred and Percival) and three daughters (Lily, Priscilla and Lillian Sabina) predeceased their mother.

1861
Birth of Alfred, 25 November 1861, Yackandandah, Victoria. He died 30 May 1930, Yackandandah, Victoria. Married Agnes Foote, 18 February 1895, at the Lynch’s Home, Yackandandah, Victoria. Agnes was born 1860, Dundee, Victoria to James Foote & Elizabeth Brown. She died 20 October 1937, Beechworth, Victoria.

1863
Birth of Mary Ann, 25 December 1863, Yackandandah, Victoria. She died 17 August 1952, Wodonga, Victoria. Married Thomas Lynch, 22 December 1882, at the Britton’s Home, Yackandandah, Victoria. Thomas was born 1860, Melbourne, Victoria to Patrick Lynch & Elizabeth Toohey. He died 7 December 1921, Wodonga, Victoria.

“Wodonga and Towong Sentinel” Friday 22nd August 1952:
Personal:  Mrs Lynch Snr, a very old and highly respected Wodonga resident died over the weekend.  She was 88.

“Yackandandah Times”, Friday 9th December 1921 & “Wodonga and Towong Sentinel”
Obituary: Mr Thomas Lynch
After an illness extending over three months, Mr Thomas Lynch, Wodonga, died at his residence on Wednesday last, at the age of 60 years. Before going to Wodonga, some three years ago, deceased, with his family, lived the whole of his life in Yackandandah district, where he followed mining pursuits. Finding the work too arduous, Mr Lynch came to Wodonga to make a home, where a number of his family had taken up residence, and died as above stated. A widow, four sons and five daughters are left to mourn their loss. The interment took place at Yackandandah on Thursday.

1866
Birth of Septimus, 22 November 1866, Yackandandah, Victoria. He died 2 June 1922, Collingwood, Victoria. Married Sarah Catherine Bolton, 1888, Yackandandah, Victoria.  Sarah was born 1868, Loddon, Victoria to Thomas Bolton (Botten) & Augusta Dorde Honey (Honig). She died 27 September 1936, Alphington, Victoria.

1867
Birth of Hedley, 7 October 1867, Yackandandah, Victoria. He died 27 December 1869, Yackandandah, Victoria.

1870
Birth of George, January 1870, Yackandandah, Victoria. He died 21 August 1939, Castlemaine, Victoria. Married Augusta Emily Rasmussen, 1898, Victoria. Augusta was born 22 March 1854, Adelaide, South Australia to Thomas Bolton (Botten) & Augusta Dorde Honey (Honig). She died 22 July 1930, Castlemaine, Victoria. Augusta was first married to Christian Rasmussen.

‘Castlemaine Mail’ Wednesday 23rd August 1939: p.1
Man Found Dead, Believed Fell From Loft – Tragic Discovery in Stable
When Mr Leslie Chapman, a carter employed by Rasmussen’s Bakery, went to feed the horses in a stable at the rear of the premises yesterday morning, he found Mr George Britton, aged 69 years, lying dead on a sheaf of hay.  Mr Britton, who lived at 69 Gingell Street, was in the habit of feeding the horses at the bakery nightly, between the hours of six and 10, and it is presumed that he fell from a feed loft above the stables. An Inquest was opened by the Deputy-Coroner (Mr A Harris, JP) and was adjoined to a date to be fixed.

Mr Britton was well and favorably known, and his death will be mourned by a wide circle of friends.  He was at one time a miner at Moonlight Flat, and for several years was the caretaker at the Castlemaine bowling greens.  The funeral will take place today.

‘Castlemaine Mail’ Thursday 24th August 1939:
OBITUARY – Mr George Britton
The announcement of the passing of Mr George Britton occasioned many expressions of sympathy and regret in the town and district.  Mr Britton was widely and favorably known, and respected by all who knew him.

The funeral took place yesterday afternoon and was attended by a large and representative gathering of mourners.  The Rev A Gearing conducted a family service at Mr Britton’s late residence after which the flower-laden polished casket was borne to the hearse by Messrs C Rasmussen and A Rasmussen (stepsons) and L Rasmussen and N Rasmussen, H Hogan and W Dunstan (nephews).  The cortege proceeded to the Castlemaine Cemetery, where the interment was made in the Anglican portion.  The bearers at the graveside were Messrs W Botten, C Wittingslow, J Hogan, L Chapman (representing employees of Messrs Rasmussen Bros), G Hogarth and B Tumney (representing the AOF Lodge).

A large number of beautiful floral tributes were received, and included special wreaths from the employees of Messrs Rasmussen Bros and the Castlemaine Master Baker Association.  The burial service was conducted by the Rev A Gearing and Bro G Hogarth read the special burial ritual of the lodge.  Messrs Odgers and Co directed the funeral arrangements.

1871
Birth of Abel, 28 July 1871, Yackandandah, Victoria. He died 6 November 1948, Yackandandah, Victoria. Married Mary Davis, 1902, Yackandandah, Victoria. Mary was born 1878, Castlemaine, Victoria to Christmas Davis & Mary Thomas. She died 1 January 1938, Beechworth, Victoria.

‘Border Morning Mail’ Albury – Monday 8th November 1948:
About People:  An old resident of Yackandandah, Mr Abel Britton died yesterday morning aged 77. He is survived by his wife and a large family. The funeral will be held this afternoon, the cortege leaving the Church of England for Yackandandah Cemetery

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848-1954), Thursday 3 February 1938, page 12 - Mrs Mary Britton, wife of Mr A Britton, of Yackandandah, has died, aged 66 years. There are two sons and three daughters.

1875
Birth of Cain, 9 October 1875, Yackandandah, Victoria. He died 1 May 1952, Yackandandah, Victoria. Married Harriet Rickard, 1898, Victoria. Harriet was born 17 February 1881, Yackandandah, Victoria to Joseph Percival Radcliffe Rickard & Emma Melbourne. She died 27 March 1952, Yackandandah, Victoria.

1908
Thomas died on 16 April 1908, Yackandandah, Victoria.

He was 82.  His occupation was a Farmer.  His parents are named as William Britton? (as written, but brother William Thomas?), a Farmer, and Jane Turner (as written, but Jane Turner is his wife’s name).  He was buried on 17 April 1908, Yackandandah, Victoria.  Thomas was born in Essex, England and had spent 56 years in Victoria.  He married at the age of 26 years, in Essex, England, to Jane Turner.  Children listed are: Henry (56), Thomas (52), Sydney (50), Charles (48), Alfred (46), Mary (44), Septimus (42), Hedley (deceased), Abel (37) and Cain (34).  [Query: Esther Selina and George are not mentioned, but they are on Jane Turner's death certificate?]

“Yackandandah Times”   Thursday, 16th April 1908:
Death of an Octogenarian: Leaves 96 Descendants
It has been our duty frequently of late to chronicle the demise of old pioneers, and today another has been added to the roll in the person of Thomas Britton – or as he was more commonly called, “Poor old honest Tommy”.  The deceased arrived in this district in the year 1855, thus completing 53 years residence, being first engaged in mining pursuits, and afterwards in agriculture.  He had been failing in health for a number of years past, but originally of the sturdy stamp, combated death until the attainment of the eighty second anniversary of his birth.  The funeral will move from his late residence tomorrow.

It is doubtful if anyone in the district had a more striking personality, and we append his career.  He was born in the year 1826 at Great Bardfield, Essex, and accompanied by his wife sailed for Sydney in the ship Garfield* in 1850.  There were 312 emigrants on the vessel, and on the second day of the voyage the deceased’s first child died.  The voyage was an eventful one, lasting fifteen weeks, there being seven deaths and six births before Sydney was reached.  Arriving in Sydney the deceased, with his wife, took a position as married couple at the remuneration of £25 per annum.

Just about this time the Turon goldfields broke out, and three years later the subject of our sketch got the gold fever and came over to Creswick, where he was at the time of the Ballarat riots.  In 1855 he, with his wife, revisited Sydney, but being dissatisfied with the then existing conditions at that place, came on to Wodonga, walking all the way and carrying his eldest son on his back.  His wife voyaged around to Melbourne, and thence to Yackandandah by conveyance.  They met in Yackandandah, and remained here ever since.  There were ten boys and three girls in the family, two of the former and one of the latter dying.  From this generation sprang 70 children, out of which 62 are alive, and the deceased lived to see thirteen great grand- children, making 96 descendants in all, of whom 85 are today alive, and, with but one or two exceptions, residing in the Yackandandah district.  The deceased was a member of the local Forrester’s Lodge for an uninterrupted period of 43 years, being one of the first members initiated.

(* “Garland” – departed 30th November 1850 arriving Sydney 15th March 1851)

The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860-1954), Friday 24 April 1908, page 3
NINETY-SIX DESCENDANTS.
An old identity, Mr Thomas Britton, died at Yackandandah on Thursday, the anniversary of his birth.  He resided in the district for 63 years, and was 82 years of age.  He left a family of 13  sons and daughters, 70 grandchildren, and 13 great grandchildren.

James Britton

[4th Great Grandfather]

1791
James was christened on 11 March 1791?, Great Bardfield, Essex, England to Richard (Henry) Britton & Sarah Ketley.

[The only close baptism I have found so far is a SEAX record for a James, son of Henry and Mary? Britton, baptised 11 March 1792?]

1807
Birth of adopted daughter, Elizabeth Rumsey, Abt. 1807, Essex, England. Baptised on 20 September 1807, Great Bardfield, Essex, England [SEAX: Elizabeth, dau of Sarah Britton]. She died 1 May 1865, Yackandandah, Victoria. Married Henry Levett, 7 October 1825, St Mary’s, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. Henry was born 1806, Great Bardfield, Essex, England to Henry Levett & Elizabeth Unknown. He died December 1832, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.  He was buried 2 December 1832, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. [SEAX: Henry Levitt, aged 26].

Elizabeth, daughter of Sarah’s sister, Annie Rumsey? [from another website]

SEAX records: Elizabeth Rumsey (her mark) and Henry Levett (his mark). Witnesses: John Prentis and James Britton.

Elizabeth and her children arrived in Sydney, NSW in 1852 on board the “Wilson Kennedy”. Elizabeth was 40, a Widow.  Her occupation was a Laundress.  She was born in Bartfield (as written), Essex, England, and was of Independent Means.  Her children were: Elizabeth aged 20, a Domestic Servant, born Bartifled, Essex, of Ind. Means.  She could read and write; Henry, aged 18, a Labourer.  He was born Bartifled, Essex, of Ind. Means.  He could read and write.

1813
Birth of adopted son, James Rumsey, Abt. 1813, Essex, England. Baptised on 22 August 1813, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. [SEAX: James Rumsey, son of Sarah Rumsey, Bardfield, bastard born, 22 August 1813]. He died 9 September 1896, Yackandandah, Victoria. Married Jane Suckling, 1843, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. Jane was born Abt. 1821, Finchingfield, Essex, England to Edward Suckling & Sarah Willcocks. She died 3 July 1902, Beechworth, Victoria.

James and Jane arrived in Sydney, NSW on board the “Lloyds” in 1855. James was 42, an Ag Labourer.  He was born in Great Bardfield, Essex. He names his parents as James & Sarah (deceased), and had a brother and sister living in Sydney.  Jane was 32. She was born in Finchingfield, Essex. She could read. Jane names her parents as Edward & Sarah Sucklin, living, in Finchingfield.

“The Ovens and Murray Advertiser” – Saturday 12th September 1896
Obituary: A very old identity of Yackandandah passed away on Wednesday morning in the person of Mr James Britton, of Wyndham Street. The deceased who was in his 83rd year, was a native of Essex, England, and came out with his wife, who survives him, to New South Wales in 1855. In 1857 he emigrated Southwards, and settled in the same year at Yackandandah, where he worked for some time on the creek as a miner. For the last 20 years, however he has been almost entirely confined to his house with some affection of the heart, which was ultimately the cause of his death. He leaves besides his wife, a brother, Mr Thomas Britton, who has also lived on the creek during 40 years.

“Yackandandah Times” Friday 11th September 1896:
Obituary: During this week death has been busy in the town. On Wednesday a very old identity of the district, Mr James Britton (sic) passed away at the age of 83 years. For several years past he has been an invalid, and his death was not unexpected. The remains were interred in Yackandandah Cemetery yesterday, the funeral service being read by Rev F Vanston.

1815
James married Sarah Rumsey on 18 May 1815, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.

[SEAX records: James Britton & Sarah Rumsey (her mark).  Witnesses: John Prentis and Henry Britton (his mark)]

1816
Birth of Mariann (Mary Ann), Abt. 1816, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. She died Unknown, Essex, England.

Baptised on 17 May 1816, Great Bardfield, Essex.  [SEAX: Mariann, dau of James & Sarah Britton, Labourer, of Bardfield]

1816
In 1816 James was convicted for Larceny – sentenced to 7 years, but serving only 5 years and 1 month.

1818
Birth of Eliza (adopted?), Abt. 1818, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. She died 21 August 1891, Wingham, NSW. Married James Hardy, 22 June 1837, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. James was born 22 October 1813, Finchingfield, Essex, England to John Hardy & Rebecca Barnard. He died 20 December 1896, Wingham, NSW.

SEAX: Eliza, dau of Sarah Britton, base born (bastard child), of Bardfield, baptised 8 November 1818.  [As James would have been in gaol?]

SEAX: Eliza Britton (Great Bardfield) and James Hardy (Little Bardfield) (his mark). Witnesses: Mary Bidwell (her mark) and John Prentis.

Eliza, James and four daughters arrived in Sydney, NSW on board the “Gilmore” on 18 October 1855. James was 41, an Ag Labourer.  Eliza was 37. She states her parents as James & Sarah Britton, both dead, and that she had two brothers, Henry & James Britton, and a sister, Elizabeth Levitt, residing in Sydney, and also another brother.  Children listed were: Sarah (14), Eliza (9), Mary (4) and Elizabeth (2).

[From another source] …James Hardy and his family settled in Wingham, NSW where he was listed as a Farmer. Both he and his wife’s death certificates state they are buried in Wingham Church of England Cemetery (no graves found).

1823
Birth of Henry, 1823, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. He died 13 September 1905, Victoria?, Australia. Married Sophia Salmon, 3 November 1848, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. Sophia was born 5 November 1811, Thaxted, Essex, England to William Salmon & Mary Unknown. She died 24 March 1880, Yackandandah, Victoria.

SEAX: 18 May 1823, Henry, son of James & Sarah Britton, Gt Bardfield, Labourer.

SEAX: Henry (26), Labourer and Sophia (33), both of Great Bardfield. Henry’s father, James Britton, Labourer, and Sophia’s father, William Salmon, Labourer. Witnesses: Jane and James Rumsey.

Henry and Sophia arrived in Sydney, NSW on board the “Lloyds”, 1 August 1855. Henry was 32. His occupation was a Farm Labourer. Henry names his parents as James & Sarah Britton (both deceased). His religion was Baptist, and he could read and write. He had a brother, Thomas Britton, living near Sydney. Sophia (nee Salmon) was 43. She names her parents as William & Mary Salmon (both deceased). Her religion was Baptist.

1824
Birth of Esther, Abt. 1824, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. She died Unknown, Essex, England.

SEAX: Esther, dau of James & Sarah Britton, Gt Bardfield, Labourer, 22 August 1824

1826
Birth of Thomas, April 1826, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.  Married Jane Turner.

1840
James [along with his younger brother, Thomas] was convicted of sheep stealing, at the age 48 on 18 July 1840 in Chelmsford, Essex, England, and sentenced to 15 years transportation. Held on the Hulk “Justitia” at Woolwich until he was embarked, along with 99 other convicts, on board the ship “Lady Raffles” for transportation to Van Diemans Lands on 28 October 1840. His details were listed as Married, could Read & Write and Trade as Agricultural. The Gaoler’s report is mostly legible, ‘Bad Character & connections’. Character on board the Hulk ‘Good’.

The Lady Raffles sailed from Portsmouth on 2 December 1840 and after a journey of 105 days, arrived in Hobart on 17 March 1841 with a total of 327 male convicts on board. The Lady Raffles master was Ed Hight and the ship’s surgeon, Robert Wylie.

The Courier, Friday 19 March 1841, pg2

Lady Raffles - James and Thomas Britton 1841

[From another source]
James worked as a ploughman as was his trade described on his Police dossier.  He was probably earning in the vicinity of 1 shilling or 10 cents per day.  Not much on which to feed and clothe 5? children.  It was most likely these harsh conditions that led to his demise.

James had been in trouble with the law, or was it that he was just trying to obtain food for his family, anyway for his trouble of stealing some flour, he was gaoled in the hulks at Portsmouth for 7 years, he only served 5 years and 1 month.

James, along with his brother Thomas, was then caught in the act of stealing sheep from a farmer, Mr Beddell, at Finchingfield, approximately 10 kilometres north of Great Bardfield.  After being tried in the General Assizes at Chelmsford, they were deported to Van Diemans Land for 15 years.  They arrived in Hobart after what must have been a terrible journey in what would have been very cramped and somewhat unhealthy conditions.

James stood 5′ 5 1/2 inches or approximately 155 cms tall.  He was of dark complexion, large nose, dark brown hair, brown eyes and he had a large mole on his left cheek.

James Britton_convict record_snapshot

1841
James was placed on probation for a period of two years when first assessed and he was assigned to the “Fingal party”.  He worked at various other places including New Norfolk where he worked for a Minister of Religion, Isaac Haines, on and off for a lengthy period.  He was bit of a larrikin and found the regimentation quite difficult to live with.  He was punished on several occasions for misconduct, being on licensed premises.  He was used to serving Solitary Confinement for his resistance to his rehabilitation.

1847
He was granted his Ticket of Leave in 1847, but it was soon revoked after being found guilty of being drunk and disorderly.  His Conditional Pardon was finally approved on 5 February 1850.

1848
An article appearing in Australian papers in 1848 about conditions in Great Bardfield at the time.

South Australian, Friday 8 December 1848, pg 2
Great Bardfield 1848

Unknown
James died sometime after 1850, possibly Van Diemans Land (Tasmania).

Richard (Henry) Britton

[5th Great Grandfather]

1763
Richard (Henry)
was christened on 23 January 1763, Great Bardfield, Essex, England to James Britton & Mary Bailey.

[SEAX records: Richard, son of James & Mary Briton, 23 January 1763]

1790
He married Sarah Ketley on 23 May 1790, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.

[SEAX records: Banns - Henry Britton & Sarah Ketley]

1790
Birth of John, 1790, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. He died Unknown.

SEAX: John, son of Henry and Sarah Britton, 8 August 1790

There is a possible conviction for a John Britton in 1834 – transported for stealing wool – to Van Diemans Land on board the “Augusta Jessie (1)”. Married to Mary, 7 children – from Great Barton (Bardfield?) Essex.

1791
Birth of James, Abt. 1791, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. Married Sarah Rumsey.

1795
Birth of Richard, Abt. 1795, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. He died 15 May 1862, Thorrington, Essex, England. Married Mary Unknown (Mary Jo Christian?), Abt. 1816, Essex, England.

1841 England Census, Marsh Cottage, Thorrington, Essex shows Richard (43), an Ag Labourer; Mary (42); John (14); Sarah (11); Mary Ann (9); Thomas (7); Maria (1).

Richard & Mary had a son, Richard (b. 14 September 1819, Thorrington, Essex) who married Sarah Saunders, 3 April 1841, Thorrington, Essex.

Richard & Sarah had a son, Alfred William (Billy).  Alfred was born 20 July 1847, Thorrington, Essex. He died 8 April 1934, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada. Married Elizabeth Cousins Penny, 28 December 1868, Great Grimsby, Lincolnshire, England.

In the 1891 England Census, Alfred and family are residing at Clee with Weelsby, Lincolnshire:
Alfred (43), a Fisherman; Elizabeth (40); Princess (14); Alfred (12); Barnabus (11); Saul (9); Mary (6); Charles (5); Augustus (4); Ethel (6 mths).

In the 1901 England Census, Alfred and family are residing at Sutton Le Marsh, Lincolnshire:
Alfred (52), a Fisherman; Elizabeth (48); Mary (16); Ethel (10); Andrew (8); Lawrence A Conroy (1), grandson.

In the 1911 Canadian Census, Alfred and Elizabeth are residing at Thunder Bay and Rainy River, Ontario: Alfred (62), a Farmer; Elizabeth (59); Samuel (34); Arthur (32); Saul (27); Mary (24); Charles (23).

[From another source]  … Although Billy Britton was born in Essex, he apprenticed to go to sea in October 1865, in Grimsby, Lincolnshire. I don’t known at this point what immediate members of the Britton family migrated also. [I] have the original copy of his indenture, marked with his “X”. The Penny family were fishing people in Brixham, Devon, but some time around the early 1800s the Pomeroy family, who controlled the waterfront in Brixham, sold out to twelve fishermen who became the Lords and Ladies of Brixham. The remaining fisherman and families were forced to relocate. Some ended up at Ramsgate in Kent but the Pennys went to Grimsby, Lincoln, where Billy and Elizabeth met and eventually married on 28 December 1868. Over the following years Billy Britton acquired 3 fishing smacks and Grandma became known as Lady Britton.

But alas and alack in the off season one year Billy, in gambling and drinking with his fellow Smack owners, lost his entire assets. There were 13 children in the family and [I] understand that all of the seven sons did go to sea with Billy at one time or another …as a child (Ethel who was 12 or 13) had to go through the village before school selling shrimps at a penny a scope … after Billy lost everything they would look forward to her brothers coming home from sea with a few shillings so that they could buy some food.

Four of the boys moved to Canada after the turn of the century, around 1904, and homesteaded in the bush country around Thunder Bay, Ontario … Billy and Grandma came in 1908 and lived on the small farm with two of the sons. It was a hand to mouth existence.

1798
Birth of William, Abt. 1798, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. He died Unknown, England?

SEAX: William, son of Henry & Sarah Britton, 7 January? 1798.

1800
Birth of Sarah, Abt. 1800, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. She died Bef. 1809, Great Bardfield?, Essex, England.

SEAX: Sarah, dau of Henry & Sarah Britton, 16 March 1800

1802
Birth of Anne, Abt. 1802, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. She died Unknown, England?

SEAX: Anne, dau of Henry and Sarah Britton, 22 September 1802

1807
Birth of Thomas, 1807, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. He died 27 August 1877, Emu Bay (Burnie), Van Diemans Land (Tasmania).

SEAX: Thomas, son of Henry and Sarah Britton, 5 April 1807

Thomas was convicted and sentenced to 15 years transportation, along with his older brother JAMES, to Van Diemans Land (Tasmania).

Thomas received his Ticket of Leave in 1847.

1837
Richard died in November 1837, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.

Buried on 23 November 1837, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.

James Britton

[6th Great Grandfather]

1725
James was born possibly Abt. 1725?, Essex?, England to Unknown.

1748
He married Mary Bailey (Maria Bayley) on 3 July 1748, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.

SEAX: James Britton & Mary Bailey, 3 July 1748

1749
Birth of Mary, Abt. 1749, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.

1750
Birth of James, Abt. 1750, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.

SEAX: James, son of James and Mary Britton, 23 December 1750

1752
Birth of Thomas, Abt. 1752, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. He died 1793?, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.

SEAX: Thomas, son of James and Mary Britton, 17 December 1752

Possible Burial: SEAX: Thomas Britton, Pauper, 8 December 1793

1757
Birth of John, Abt. 1757, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.  Possible marriage to Elizabeth?

SEAX: John, son of James and Mary Britton, 24 April 1757

1760
Birth of Susan, March 1760, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.

1763
Birth of Richard Henry, Abt. 1763, Great Bardfield, Essex, England. Married Sarah Ketley.

1766
Birth of Edward, Abt. 1766, Great Bardfield, Essex, England.

SEAX: Edward, son of James and Mary Britton, 22 June 1766

Unknown
James died Unknown, possibly Great Bardfield, Essex, England.

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